Geographic coverage The programme covers 18 districts: Sunsari, Saptari, Siraha, Dhanusa, Mahotari, Sarlahi, Rautahat, Bara and Parsa of Eastern and Central region and Bajhang, Bajura, Achham, Jajarkot, Kalikot, Jumla, Dolpa, Mugu and Humla of Far and Mid-Western region (10 VDCs of each of the hill/mountain districts and 15 VDCs of each of the Terai districts)
Project duration January 2015  to October 2017
Budget 20 million GBP (NPR 3,16,11,39,489)
Funding partner/s  DFID/Ukaid
Implementing agencies A consortium led by Rural Reconstruction Nepal (RRN) along with the World Food Programme (WFP) and Oxford Policy Management (OPM)  
Target groups The poor and excluded communities of the 18 programme districts


The Community Development Programme (CDP) is a Non-State Led Service Delivery Component of the Local Governance and Community Development Programme (LGCDP) being implemented by the Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development (MoFALD).  The programme aims to support for improving the governance for better service delivery to the excluded and deprived communities in the selected Village Development Committees (VDCs) of 18 districts. The CDP collaborates with LGCDP, using the knowledge gained from the lessons learnt and bridging the gaps. It complies with the local government procedures, including the 14-step planning process routed through Citizen Awareness Centres (CACs), Ward Citizen Forums (WCFs), Integrated Plan Formulation Committees (IPFCs), VDC Council, and District Development Committee (DDC) Council. 

The CDP has evolved through the LGCDP and LGCDP II programmes of the Government of Nepal. The CDP aims to work on issues, which require increased synergy to address governance and development-related challenges for which the State actors would require the external assistance. The three-year programme was launched in January 2015 with the total budget of 20 million GBP (NPR 3,161,139,489) funded by DFID/UKaid.

The conception of the CDP, as an integral component of the LGCDP, has given a ground to work in liaison with MoFALD at all levels of its operation, particularly with the NGO Facility based within MoFALD, the line ministries and agencies as well as with other stakeholders at the national level, the NGO Coordination Committee, DDC, the District Disaster Relief Committee (DDRC), District Social Mobilisation Coordination Committee (DSMCC), at the district level, and I/NGOs at the local level. The CDP is implemented by a consortium led by Rural Reconstruction Nepal (RRN) along with the World Food Programme (WFP) and the Oxford Policy Management (OPM). The local bodies, line agencies and other non-state actors are integral partners in the implementation of the CDP.


Closely aligned with the objectives of LGCDP and its policy framework, the CDP pursues the following key objectives to:

  • support the systems for strengthening the local governance mechanisms, 
  • promote effective citizen participation in local decision-making structures,
  • provide support to strengthen transparency and accountability mechanisms, and
  • improve the provision and delivery of public services.

Expected Results

The expected outcome of the CDP is "Strengthened, coherent, resilient and inclusive local government systems for effective service delivery".  

Following are the expected outputs of this programme: 

  • Poor and excluded people empowered to claim their rights and access to the economic opportunity;
  • The structure, systems and processes of the local bodies strengthened to be inclusive, accountable and transparent; and
  • Improved service delivery for poor and excluded people, including disaster resilient infrastructures.

Programme Approach

The operational modality of the CDP is based on project cycle management, comprising planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation. Aligned with the planning cycle of local bodies and pursuant to the 14-step participatory planning process, its key approaches are enhancing the relationship with and strengthening the capacity of the local government bodies (WCF, IPFC, VDC, DDC and other relevant committees at different levels). In conformity with the operational strategy of the LGCDP framework of social mobilisation, monitoring and accountability measures, the CDP contributes to improving the coherence and minimising duplication by bringing together I/NGOs, civil society, stakeholders and the government line agencies. It works with the institutions, mechanisms and service providers from the central to the grassroots level aiming to contribute to their institutional effectiveness. 

Following are the major working domains of the CDP to provide key interventions through citizen mobilisation, and empowerment, as well as disaster resilient community infrastructure and DRR and climate change preparedness: 

  • Strengthening of governance
  • Social mobilisation
  • Livelihood support
  • Disaster resilient basic infrastructures
  • DRR and climate change
  • Promotion of good governance and coherence

Key Achievements

  • The CDP programme inception phase was set for January to August 2015 and it entered into the implementation phase from September 2015. However, severe impacts of the continued strikes in Tarai-Madhesh and trade and transport blockage at the borders causing severe fuel shortage in most parts of Nepal again pushed further the implementation of the programme particularly in the districts of the CDP Tarai region. 
  • The programme orientation and planning workshop to key CDP staffs and Local Development Officers (LDOs) of 9 districts of the western region was conducted from 2-8 November 2015 in Nepalgunj. 
  • Regular coordination and collaboration among the consortium partners (WFP and OPM) has been ensured. WFP's specific focus on the CDP is to assist villages to prepare Village Development Periodic Plan (VDPP). Similarly, OPM has developed the M&E Framework. The preparatory works to implement the baseline survey, development of the Management Information System (MIS), and rapid assessment has all been accomplished.  
  • As per the action plan for November-December 2015 prepared in the regional orientation and planning workshop in Nepalgunj, following activities have been undertaken by the end of December 2015 in 9 CDP programme districts of Mid and Far-west regions:
  • The CDP programme VDCs have been selected in 9 districts based on the 'VDC selection criteria and procedure' that was agreed at Nepalgunj workshop.
  • Altogether 339 CACs were formed and 6 CAC facilitator trainings were organised. 
  • DDC was supported to organise District Social Mobilisation Committee (DSMC) to coordinate with I/NGOs in 9 districts and supported to DDC to organise NGO Coordination Committee/NGO Desk meeting at the district level in 3 districts.
  • Three trainings provided to IPFC members at the district level on their roles and responsibilities in 14 step planning process and orientation on GESI, RBA, DRR & public audit in Bajhang, Humla and Kalikot districts and the same four trainings at a VDC level in Bajhang and Dolpa districts.
  • Supported DDC to disseminate information to all citizens for starting the local level planning process through Radio PSA in 7 districts.
  • Supported to 21 VDCs of Bajhang, Bajura, Achham, Jumla and Dolpa districts to conduct the orientation on 14 step planning process to Line Agencies, I/NGOs and private sector organisations at VDC level for harmonisation of a planning process. 
  • Programme orientation of the CDP district team members was organised in 9 districts and programme start up meeting & workshops at the district level in 9 districts.

Impact on GESI and Environment

The issues and concerns of the Gender Equality and Social Inclusion (GESI) have been addressed in most of the programme interventions and activities. The CDP has given utmost priority to women and DAG communities while selecting programme VDCs, by empowering and mobilising them through CACs and user groups. The CDP has provisions that CAC and User Committee should be formed in an inclusive way, having a majority of women with key positions of vulnerable groups. Likewise, Local Resource Persons (LRPs) were selected from among women in most of the cases. Thus, newly formed CAC members engaged in various social campaigns for their rights. 

Similarly, the CDP has also addressed the environmental issues, particularly through its DRR preparedness and climate change adaptation component. The CDP has identified disaster vulnerable VDCs to implement the disaster risk reduction and climate change components and to build the disaster resilient community through capacity building in disaster preparedness.

Lessons Learnt

It was supposed to be a very difficult task to select the VDCs in the Mid and Far-west hill/mountain districts in the context of prevailing development malpractices due to the absence of elected local bodies. However, the CDP could overcome this challenge by the formulation of VDC selection criteria and procedure with the participation of LDOs from the respective districts in the regional orientation and planning workshop in Nepalgunj. These VDCs were selected by the meeting of DSMCC, chaired by LDO, along with the participation of the CDP district team, representatives of major political parties and LGCDP staff in the district.


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