Strengthening Community-Based Biodiversity Management through Sustainable Financing Mechanisms in the Sacred Himalayan Landscape of Nepal (SCBDM)

Strengthening Community-Based Biodiversity Management through Sustainable Financing Mechanisms in the Sacred Himalayan Landscape of Nepal (SCBDM)

Geographic coverage Six VDCs in Tinjure-Milke-Jaljale (TMJ) Rhodondendron conservation area of Sankhuwasabha, Tehrathum and Taplejung districs.
Project duration January 2014 to December 2017
Budget NPR 7,90,59,855
Funding partner/s  BMZ and WHH, Germany
Implementing agencies A consortium led by Rural Reconstruction Nepal (RRN) along with the World Food Programme (WFP) and Oxford Policy Management (OPM)  
Target groups 2,500 Households (Sherpas, Limbus, Rais, Tamangs, and Dalits)
Project Leader Mr. Kamal Thapa



SCBDM project is under implementation since January 2014 in six VDCs of the Tinjure-Milke-Jaljale (TMJ) conservation area which is located in Terhathum, Sankhuwasabha and Taplejung districts in the eastern hilly region of Nepal. The TMJ area is rich in biodiversity with diverse species of high altitude flora and fauna and possesses a high potential for ecotourism. The project has essentially applied and put in measures to promote the Sustainable Integrated Forest and Farming Systems (SIFFS) approach which addresses the dimensions of biodiversity conservation, food security, family nutrition, energy security, income generation and disaster risk reduction in a holistic and interdisciplinary manner. Smallholder farmers and forest users are supported with different need based project interventions through 6 biodiversity cooperatives, 31 farmer groups, 18 community forest user groups, 2 eco-tourism committees, 12 mother groups and 10 green club schools.


The main objective of this project is to reduce highly likely threats to biodiversity by promoting eco-tourism linking with biodiversity conservation and ecosystem service that ensure improvement in the livelihood of local people through sustainable financing mechanism.

Expected results

  • Biodiversity is conserved,
  • Sustainable financing mechanisms for community-based biodiversity conservation are established, and
  • Good practices and models on innovative sustainable financing are developed.

Key Achievements (As of December 2017)

  • 685 home gardens established by 31 farmer groups and 83.4 tons of various type of fresh vegetables produced.
  • 61 farms adopted the Sustainable Integrated Forests and Farming System (SIFFS) model.
  • 12 workshops conducted on biodiversity conservation and anti-poaching awareness raising in the community level and 5,517 people made aware of the situation.
  • 16 CFUGs assessed biodiversity and 11 community forest operational plans renewed.
  • 448 improved cooking stoves installed that reduced at least 30% fuel wood consumption rate and minimised smoke related highly likely diseases especially for women.
  • 30,000 various multi purpose saplings produced by 3 NTFP/MAP nurseries; 7 school gardens established by 7 green club schools; 6 water supply schemes improved by 6 green club schools; and 4 incinerators constructed by 4 green club schools.
  • 152 ecopreneurs trained on 6 slots of entrepreneurship development and business planning.
  • 126 ecopreneurs trained on various 11 skill development trainings such as Allo processing, hand-made paper making, bee-keeping, bamboo furniture making, fish farming, kiwi cultivation, commercial vegetable farming, medicinal and aromatic plant cultivation and homestay management.
  • Six cooperatives promoted for green enterprise promotion with financial support of NPR 2,182,800 as seed money.
  • A guideline developed for ecotourism management in TMJ area.
  • Biodiversity conservation programme (Jaibik Bibidhta tatha Paryawaran Sanraskhan Sandesh) broadcasted by Radio Taplejung on fortnightly basis.
  • 84 farmers trained on NTFPs and MAPs cultivation and sustainable harvesting.
  • Landslide restored in six sites and water source conserved in two sites in the vulnerable communities.

About RRN

Rural Reconstruction Nepal (RRN) is a Nepali non-government, not for profit, social development organisation, initially set up as a small organisation in 1989

Contact Us

  • 288 Gairidhara Marg, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • +977 1 4004976, 4004985