Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Promotion amongst Marginalised Communities

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Promotion amongst Marginalised Communities

Geographic coverage

Ichhakamana Rural Municipality, kalika Municipality, and Bharatpur Metropolitian city-29

Total wards- 10

Project duration

October 2015 to August 2021

Budget 739,990 Euro
Funding partner/s  Viva Con Agua/Welthungerhilfe
Project Beneficiaries The project has reached 15358 households (Target 15355 households) through different pieces of training, workshops, awareness programs, and construction projects. In terms of gender, 49.44% of total beneficiaries are female and 50.66% are male.  In terms of ethnicity, 33.6% are Chepang followed by 24% Gurung, 17.6% BCTS, 8.1% Magar, 6.2% Newar, 4% Tamang, 4.1% Dalits, and 2.4%  others. In terms of socio-economic condition, 34% of beneficiaries are poor followed by 24% very poor, 24% are moderate and 17.85% are food sufficient.  



Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) project has been implemented by RRN since October 2015 with the support of Welthungerhilfe and Viva Con Agua targeting poor and marginalized communities especially Chepang communities in hilly areas of the Chitwan district.

The project aims to ensure the availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation in hilly areas of the Chitwan district. The project supported enhancing WASH governance and improve access to safe drinking water and sanitation in poor and marginalized communities. The project focuses on sustainable services initiative (SSI) for system strengthening and total sanitation process with seven key indicators: i) Regular use of the toilet, ii) Hand-washing with soap, iii) Safe drinking water iv) Safe food, v) Maintenance of personal hygiene  sanitation, vi) Environmental sanitation, Vii)Plan formulation and management

This year, the project mainly focuses on the WASH plan formulation of  Ichhakamana rural municipality, Kalika municipality, School WASH plan of public schools, and water safety plan of water supply systems along with completing remaining activities and COVID response.  

 Objectives :

The objective of the project is to ensure the availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation in hilly areas of the Chitwan district.

Expected results:

  • Local-level WASH governance  is strengthened
  • The use of safe and potable drinking water is improved
  • Hygiene and Sanitation  practices of the target group are improved 

Key achievements :

  • WASH profile and Plan of both Ichhakamana rural municipality and Kalika municipality have formulated using NWASH application of ministry of water supply (MOWS).
  • In 7 wards of Ichhakamana, 4 wards of Kalika, and Bharatpur-29, a community scorecard tool was used for the participatory monitoring of WASH services.
  • Water Safety plans of all 32 water supply systems constructed/rehabilitated by the project were developed.
  • Both the local governments were supported for developing guidelines to register water and sanitation users committees(WSUCs) with the respective local governments.
  • 1541 poor and marginalized households were provided with safe and potable drinking water through the construction of 33 water supply systems and 8 spring source protection schemes.
  • Additional 2420 households have toilets with hand washing facilities through the CLTS and total sanitation campaigns organized by the project.
  • 2455 students and teachers of 18 public schools were provided with safely managed drinking water facilities and safely managed sanitation facilities.
  • 5 communities were declared as "towards total sanitation and water safe communities" out of 27 communities where total sanitation campaigns were organized.
  • School WASH plans of 18 schools were formulated as per Nepal Government's WASH in school guideline(Three-star approach)
  • Two public places have gender and disable friendly public toilets with biogas plants installed for fecal sludge management.
  • 350 poor and marginalized households and 201 lactating mothers had food items and hygiene kits during the COVID crisis through project support.
  • Isolation centers of Ichhakmana and Kalika were well equipped with essential health and medical items (Digital thermometer, Pulse Oximeter, PPE, Face Mask, Face Shield, Gloves, Sanitizer, Automatic hand sanitizer dispenser) including hygiene kits and home isolation kits to fight against COVID-19
  • 1126 adolescent girls were aware of menstrual hygiene management and reproductive health.




About RRN

Rural Reconstruction Nepal (RRN) is a Nepali non-government, not for profit, social development organisation, initially set up as a small organisation in 1989

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