Geographic coverage The project covered a total of 7 VDCs of Makawanpur and Bara Districts of Central Development Region. (Uttarjhitkaiya, Banjariya and Dohari VDCs of Bara district and Hatiya, Harnamadi, Basamadi and Makawanpur Gadhi VDCs of Makwanpur district)
Project duration January 2013  to December 2017
Budget NPR 1,68,63,954 (for 2015)
Funding partner/s  Stromme Foundation (SF), Norway
Target groups The project has targeted to the adolescent - girls and boys age between 13 to 19 years (3:1 ratio), school dropouts and non-school going children, SAMVAD Support Team including community user groups (i.e. parents of adolescent boys and girls) with the utmost priority to Dalit, Janajati and Minorities.
Project Leader Mr. Bhanu Parajuli



In partnership with Stromme Foundation (SF), RRN has been implementing the SAMVAD programme in 7 VDCs of Makawanpur and Bara Districts in 2015. The project focused on the needy areas based on the number of households that belong to Dalit, disadvantaged and ethnic minorities. Similarly, the number of school drop- outs and non-school going adolescent age ranging from 13 to 19 years were supported. Due to the major focus on the limited geographic area and Dalit/ disadvantaged ethnic groups, it is expected that it will enhance achieving results by reducing poverty and mainstreaming Dalit/disadvantaged ethnic communities to improve the socio-economic development process.  A total of 56 SAMVAD Centers (SCs) were in operation in both project districts. The SCs are facilitating to empower excluded adolescents to claim their rights for education, livelihood and participation in the development process. SAMVAD Centres are the common platforms where adolescents meet, discuss, share and learn different life skills and lessons and work as a change agent for their own communities, and further influencing the local governance process of VDCs and communities through right based advocacy and campaigns. 

Project Goal 

The goal of the project is participating adolescents together families (Dalits) will become aware of their rights, educated, conscious of their roles, economically active/productive and empowered to fight against social taboos and become less vulnerable to trafficking


  • 3180 adolescents (2400 girls and 780 boys) will be empowered to fight against trafficking, exploitation, discrimination, and other forms of violence and ill practices
  • 3180 adolescents (2400 girls and 780 boys) will have improved livelihood opportunities through acquiring trade skills and engaging in income generating activities
  • Dalits and marginalised communities will have organised and capacitated to fight against injustice, social taboos and culturally deep rooted malpractices. 

Key achievements 

  • A total of 1,177 adolescents, including 300 boys graduated and empowered to fight against social taboos, such as trafficking, discrimination and ill practices in their communities. 
  • A total of 56 animators received ToA, facilitated 56 SCs and capacitated 348 SST members. 
  • 1103 adolescents have reported confidence in protecting themselves from trafficking.
  • The level of confidence among the adolescent participants during post-SAMVAD survey increased compared to Pre-SAMVAD (i.e.90.56% compared to 62.68%) based on Rosenberg Confidence Measurement Score table.
  • 75% of SAMVAD adolescent participants involved in family decision-making and planning process.
  • SAMVAD motivated and enrolled 308 marginalised adolescents (including 89 Dalits) to formal school.  Among them, 214 were dropouts SAMVAD participants.
  • 636 adolescents from Dalits, excluded and marginalised families enabled to claim their equal rights. 
  • 175 families and SST members reported the reduction in social issues at household & community level.
  • 974 SAMVAD participants, including Dalits, excluded and marginalised improved life skills and good practices.
  • A total of 43 cases of child marriages were stopped by the effort of SC participants.
  • 672 adolescents have been supported with basic inputs to starts on-farm and off-farm trades/IGAs.  Among them, 38 increased their annual income by 20% through improved livelihoods initiatives.
  • Kitchen garden orientation is done in all 56 SCs
  • Seasonal vegetable seeds supported to 1,016 SC members 
  • 28 SAMVAD centres started savings and credit scheme on the voluntary basis. 
  • 368 adolescents started group saving
  • 195 SST members are capacitated to fight against human trafficking, child marriage, dowry, caste and gender discrimination and other issues related to adolescents. 
  • 5 minor cases of Persons with Disability (PwD) graduated from SAMVAD
  • 3 schools benefited in regard to promoting child-friendly environment under youth-led small school support schemes.
  • Graduated networks and ongoing SCs have started Balbagaicha at 30 places to take care of kids through learning by playing and hygiene and cleaning activities. 
  • SAMVAD participants constructed 42 toilets. 
  • 100% of adolescents are aware of “Source to Mouth” campaign for safe drinking water.
  • 201 events/advocacy campaigns were organised by SAMVAD Adolescents to create awareness against social malpractices, such as trafficking, child marriage, dowry system, gender discrimination and violence against women and children.
  • Surveillance Center/Information Desk operated in Makawanpur CDO office and sensitised 5000 persons about the different modes of trafficking, exploitation, slavery, safe migration and other forms of violence. 
  • A total of 49 graduated adolescent participants, animators and SST members were associated with WCF, CAC, Cooperatives, child clubs of the governance system. 

Impact on GESI 

The right based education to Dalit and youths have been able to cover 75 % adolescent girls and 25% boys. Moreover, the project has been able to cover more than 70% of Dalit and marginalised adolescents and inclusive Samvad Support Team (SST) mainstreamed into the project activities to strengthen their skills and capacity.

SAMVAD Publications: